Leni mentioned the Hofbräuhaus in her comment to the last post, and that a friend of her would visit the place in October.
“In München steht ein Hofbräuhaus …” – exactly. Since 1607 (Ger.).
A Brauhaus – or Bräu(haus) in dialect – is a brewery, commonly with a taproom where the brew is sold. “Hof” means simply court, the brewery belongs to the court, in this case to the founder duke Maximilian I. of Bavaria (Ger., Eng.); a Bürgerbräu belongs to the citizens of a town: The brewery is lent out to a landlord who administers and manages the business, the responsible entrepreneur or contractor; he pays a fixed rate or a share of the profit to the proprietor, who gains a steady income, be it the court or the civil administration of a town.
The Munich Hofbräuhaus is in possession of the stately Bayerische Hofbräu. The main and original parent house am Platz’l has room for more than 2000 guests, smaller Hofbräuhäuser still exist(ed) in Bavaria and other places. For example the Hofbräuhaus in Coburg was founded in the 19th century by the duke of Coburg. After the end of Coburg’s independence 1919 the brewery was taken over by the Bavarian firm Paulaner (1921), who finally ended the tradition there 1981, after 123 years. Today the buildings house the Hochschule Coburg. In a way this is a typical story for the development of brewing in Bavaria: In Alt-Bayern few large breweries emerged, while in Franken small breweries stayed independent, struggled and at least partly survived. If you count the numbers on this list of “Breweries in Bavaria”, you will find that 287 are in Franconia (179 alone in Upper Franconia), while Alt-Bayern (Lower Bavaria, Upper Bavaria and the Oberpfalz) sum up only 237, with no particular centre. This is a detailed list of Brauereien in Franken.
The Hofbräuhaus am Platz’l is a unique place: I hope your friend, Leni, will have a good time there.